Santalum haleakalae var haleakalae, Santalum ellipticum
Description: All sandalwood species
native to Hawaii are known by the common name `Iliahi, though the
different species grow in a wide range of habitats and have different
growth forms. Santalum ellipticum is a coastal, dry shrub.
S. haleakalae is a tree that is found at higher elevations on
All sandalwood are hemi-parasitic and require a host plant where a network of
roots help the sandalwood to survive. This is why it is often
thought that they are hard to grow. Once established however,
sandalwood will surprise you. Beautiful flower clusters and greyish foliage add to the value of this plant in the landscape.
Many other species of sandalwood are grown around the world for the prized fragrance
of the heartwood. Native sandalwood once thrived in many parts of
Hawaii 'til the sandalwood trade...a sad stroy. We grow sandal
wood from seed. In the wild, seed is often eaten by rats, yet
plants in cultivation produce prolific amounts of seed.
Germination takes patience, though we have seen carpets of seedlings
under mature plantings.
(`Iliahi flower, Santalum haleakalae)
(Santalum freycinetianum in the wild)
(Santalum ellipticum, 1 year in the ground)
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